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General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
This is now the primary law for data protection and privacy for EU nations. It went into effect in May of 2018, replacing the Data Protection Directive of 1995.
Article 8 of the Convention on Human Rights of 1950 (ECHR)
Article 8 of the Council of Europe's Convention on Human Rights was a crucial step in recognizing privacy as a human right in Europe. The convention is enforced by the European Court of Human Rights.
Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU
This charter represented a consolidated statement of the political, social and economic rights of the EU and was signed in 2000. Article 7 (family and private life) and Article 8 (personal data) set forth specific privacy guarantees. These rights are binding upon all EU member states.
Non-US Jurisdictions (foreign law)
"Foreign law" is a term used in the U.S. to describe the law of all countries other than the U.S. A number of resources exist that explain and compare the laws of foreign countries on a number of subjects related to informational privacy and data security.
Foreign Law Guide
The FLG is a long-standing publication that covers 190 jurisdictions. The subject-heading of "Cybercrime, Data Protection, Information & Internet" is where privacy and data security laws are organized by country. For each country, information is provided for both secondary sources and primary sources on the topic.
International Privacy Profiles
Bloomberglaw's "Privacy & Data Security" practice center provides profiles on the laws of more than 65 countries.
Privacy & Data Security
Practical Law's "Privacy & Data Security" section allows for jurisdictional filtering of approximately 50 countries. The entry for each country will have one or more summaries of that nation's laws related to privacy and data security.
International Data Protection Chart
This customizable chart tool allows comparison of the laws from more than 50 countries across several different topics related to data security.
Getting the Deal Through: Data Protection & Privacy
A research guide to privacy and data security for more than 20 nations.
V|Lex is a database that specializes in full-text resources for the countries of Central and South America. From the "advanced search" link, keyword searching can be done for terms such as "privacy" or "data protection." Categories of documents include cases, legislation and secondary sources.
Global Tables of Data Privacy Laws & Bills (5th ed)
Compiled by Australia law professor Graham Greenleaf. Information on 120 laws is provided.
MOFO Privacy Library
The law firm of Morrison Foerster maintains this website with privacy laws for over 100 nations.
National Data Privacy Legislation
This resource from the World Legal Information Institute (LII) provides a useful chronological arrangement of data privacy laws from numerous countries.