Resolutions express the formal opinion of a main organ.
Resolutions can influence international law in three ways:
Resolutions may originate in the plenary (a meeting of all members of a main organ, able to discuss any topic) or in one of its subsidiary bodies. In particular, General Assembly resolutions often originate in reports from its six committees.
All of the other main organs file annual reports with the General Assembly.
The General Assembly, Security Council, and ECOSOC all have subsidiary bodies that file reports with them.
The most significant of these bodies are the General Assembly's six committees. As discussed under Basic Structure, the General Assembly produces a yearly agenda, from which some items are allocated to the plenary and some are allocated to the committees. For each agenda item it has been allocated, each committee submits a final report to the plenary, including the text of a suggested resolution, summaries of all of the committee's meetings regarding the item, sponsors of the resolution, and any votes by the committee on the resolution.
The main organs and many of their subsidiary and affiliated bodies keep records of their meetings. For more information, see: